The exotic structures of Turkish
Insert shortcode
16:15 to 17:15
From 03-06-24 to 07-06-24

The typology of Turkish is completely unique among Mediterranean languages. It is a perfectly agglutinative language, perfectly regular in its rich, but highly manageable morphology; its syntax, also simple and regular, is however very original in the formation of subordinate clauses, which is based almost exclusively on the conversion of verbs into participles, verbal nouns and deverbal adverbs aka ‘converbs’; Turkish phonetics is not difficult for a European, but the morphophonology is dominated by the phenomenon of vowel harmony, which has no equivalent in Europe except in Hungarian. All these traits are in fact inherited and stable characters of Northern Eurasian languages, and their persistence in Anatolia since its conquest by Oghuz tribes is remarkable. This course will touch on all these fundamental aspects, which make Turkish an alien in its Mediterranean context, and point out in passing the exceptional behaviour of the numerous lexical loans from Persian, Arabic, or Greek, which bear the stamp of contact with other linguistic types.